Chang’e-6 is just the tip of China’s

China’s Chang’e-6 mission, launched on May 3rd, is one of China’s most ambitious space missions, aiming to collect lunar samples from the far side of the Moon and return them safely to Earth. The mission involves a complex series of maneuvers, including landing a lander within the Apollo crater using a communications relay satellite, collecting samples, transferring them to an ascender, docking with the orbiter, and finally returning the samples to Earth.

These lunar samples, particularly from the South Pole-Aitken Basin, are expected to provide valuable insights into the Moon’s geological history and the early Solar System. The mission serves as a stepping stone for China’s larger space ambitions, including crewed lunar missions planned before 2030 and establishing a lunar base in the future.

The mission’s rendezvous and docking element, though not essential for a sample return, is crucial for future crewed lunar missions, showcasing China’s readiness for more extensive lunar exploration endeavors. China’s space program demonstrates its scientific, economic, and geopolitical motivations, including the development of technologies like nuclear reactors for lunar power and participation in an International Lunar Research Station.

China’s space program is comprehensive, encompassing not only lunar exploration but also endeavors in astronomy, astrophysics, and exoplanet detection. Future missions include sampling near-Earth asteroids, visiting comets, exploring Mars, and even considering missions to the ice giants Uranus or Neptune. Additionally, China is exploring commercializing space and its resources, exemplified by discussions of creating an Earth-Moon economic zone.

Ultimately, Chang’e-6 represents China’s push towards becoming a major player in space exploration, with ambitions extending beyond lunar missions to deeper space exploration and commercial endeavors.

 

Alibaba Company Details and History

Alibaba Group Holding Limited is a Chinese multinational conglomerate specializing in e-commerce, retail, internet, and technology. Here are some details about the company and its history:

Overview:

  • Founded: Alibaba Group was founded on April 4, 1999, by Jack Ma and his team of 17 friends and associates.
  • Headquarters: Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.
  • Founders: Jack Ma (Ma Yun), along with his co-founders, who aimed to create a platform for global trade.

History:

  1. Founding and Early Years (1999-2004): Alibaba Group was founded by Jack Ma with the goal of creating a platform to connect Chinese manufacturers with international buyers. Its first website, Alibaba.com, was launched as a business-to-business (B2B) portal.
  2. Expansion and Diversification (2005-2010): Alibaba expanded its services with the launch of Taobao, an online shopping platform similar to eBay, in 2003. It also launched Alipay, an online payment platform. Over the years, it diversified into various sectors, including online retail, cloud computing, digital entertainment, and logistics.
  3. IPO and Global Expansion (2010-2014): In 2014, Alibaba made history with its initial public offering (IPO) on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), raising $25 billion, making it one of the largest IPOs in history. This fueled further expansion and investment in various sectors both within and outside China.

  1. Continued Growth and Innovation (2015-present):

  2. Alibaba continued its growth trajectory, expanding its e-commerce platforms, investing in technology, cloud computing, artificial intelligence (AI), and logistics. It also acquired or invested in numerous companies both in China and globally, including Lazada, Youku Tudou, and Ele.me.

Key Businesses and Subsidiaries:

  • Alibaba.com: A leading global wholesale marketplace for small businesses.

  • Taobao: China’s largest online shopping website, catering to both consumers and businesses.

  • Tmall: A premium online retail platform in China that connects brands and retailers with consumers.

  • Alipay: A leading third-party online payment platform in China.

  • Alibaba Cloud: One of the world’s leading cloud computing service providers.

  • Cainiao Network: Alibaba’s logistics arm, providing end-to-end supply chain solutions.

  • Ant Group: Formerly known as Ant Financial, it operates Alipay and offers financial technology (fintech) services.

Corporate Culture and Vision:

  • Alibaba’s corporate culture is often described as innovative, entrepreneurial, and customer-centric, with Jack Ma famously emphasizing the importance of serving customers and employees.

  • The company’s vision is to build the future infrastructure of commerce and aims to make it easy to do business anywhere.

Challenges and Controversies:

  • Alibaba has faced challenges related to counterfeit goods on its platforms, regulatory scrutiny, and competition in both domestic and international markets.
  • In 2020, Alibaba’s affiliate, Ant Group, faced regulatory hurdles that led to the suspension of its highly anticipated IPO.

For the most up-to-date information about Alibaba Group, it’s best to refer to the company’s official website and recent financial reports.

REFERANCE: CHATGPT

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चीनकाे अर्थतन्त्र पहिलाे त्रैमासमा अपेक्षा भन्दा धेरैले बढ्याे

Source:Merolgani

कोरोना संक्रमणकालपछि चीनको आर्थिक अवस्था झन् बिग्रदै गएकाे छ । चीनमा घरजग्गा क्षेत्रमा पनि ठूलो गिरावट देखिएको छ । जसको दबाब चीनको बैंकिङ प्रणालीमा परेकाे छ ।

यसैबीच,मुद्रास्फीतिमा भएको वृद्धि र निर्माणमा कमजोरीले ड्र्यागनको चिन्ता बढाएको छ। तर, चीनले आफ्नो अर्थतन्त्र बलियो बनाउन कैयाैं कडा कदम चालेको छ । जसकाे प्रभाव अर्थतन्त्रमा देखिएकाे छ ।

यद्धपि चीनको अर्थतन्त्रले २०२४ काे पहिलो त्रैमासमा सोचेभन्दा राम्रो प्रदर्शन गरेको बताइएको छ । आधिकारिक तथ्याङ्क अनुसार विश्वको दोस्रो ठूलो अर्थतन्त्र जनवरी-मार्च त्रैमासमा ५.३ प्रतिशतको वार्षिक दरले वृद्धि भएको छ । विश्लेषकहरूले पहिलाे त्रैमासमा करिब ४.६ प्रतिशतकाे वृद्धि दर रहने अनुमान गरेका थिए । तर उक्त अनुमान भन्दा याे बढी हो । अघिल्लो त्रैमासको तुलनामा चीनकाे वृद्धिदर १.६ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ ।

राष्ट्रिय तथ्याङ्क ब्यूरोको तथ्याङ्कले पनि पहिलो त्रैमासिक खुद्रा बिक्री वृद्धि पनि सार्वजनिक गरेकाे छ ।चिनियाँ उपभाेक्ताहरूकाे विश्वास मापन गर्ने खुद्रा बिक्री दर ३.१ प्रतिशतमा झरेको छ।

सोही अवधिमा सम्पत्ति लगानी दर पनि ९.५ प्रतिशतले घटेको छ । यस दरले चीनका घर जग्गा फर्महरूले सामना गरिरहेकाे चुनौतीहरूलाई दर्शाउँछ।

सन् २०२४ को लागि पनि ठूलो लक्ष्य 

चीनले सार्वजनिक गरेको तथ्यांक अनुसार पहिलो त्रैमासमा वार्षिक आधारमा औद्योगिक उत्पादन ६.१ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ भने खुद्रा बिक्री दर वार्षिक ४.७ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ । नीति निर्माताहरूले चीनको अर्थतन्त्रलाई बढावा दिन कैयाैं वित्तीय र मौद्रिक नीति उपायहरू अपनाएका छन्। चीनले सन् २०२४ का लागि पाँच प्रतिशतको महत्वाकांक्षी कुल गार्हस्थ्य उत्पादन (जीडीपी) वृद्धि लक्ष्य राखेको छ।

जनसंख्या घट्नु चिन्ताको विषय 

एकातिर चीनको अवस्था राम्रो हुँदै गइरहेको छ । अर्कोतर्फ,मुलुकको घट्दो जनसंख्या चिन्ताको विषय बनेको छ । सन् २०२३ मा चीनको जनसङ्ख्या १ अर्ब ४१ करोडबाट घटेर १ अर्ब ४० करोडमा झरेकाे छ । संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघको प्रक्षेपण अनुसार सन् २०५० सम्ममा चीनको जनसङ्ख्या घटेर १ अर्ब ३१ करोड पुग्नेछ । त्यसपछि २०५०सम्म यो करिब ८० करोडमा झर्नेछ।यसको प्रभाव विश्वभर देखिनेछ। जनसंख्या परिवर्तनले ‘विनाशको चक्र’ निम्त्याउन सक्छ जहाँ एउटा आर्थिक अवस्थाले नकारात्मक प्रभावहरू सिर्जना गर्छ। कम उत्पादकत्वले विशेष क्षेत्रहरूमा उत्पादनलाई असर गर्न थालेपछि चीनले ती उद्योगहरूमा माग पूरा गर्न आयात बढाउन बाध्य हुन सक्छ।