नबिलबैंकको प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृतमा पुन: ढुङ्गाना नियुक्त

Source: Merolagani

नबिल बैंक लिमिटेडद्वारा बैंकका प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत ज्ञानेन्द्र प्रसाद ढुङ्गानालाई दोस्रो कार्यकालकालागि पुनः नियुक्त गरिएको छ ।

मिति २०८१ सालजेठ २ गते बसेको नबिल बैंकको सञ्चालक समितिको बैठकले ढुङ्गानालाई २०८१ सालअसार १७ गतेदेखि लागूहुने गरी थपदुई वर्षकालागि प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत पदमा पुनःनियुक्त गरेको हो ।

नेपाल राष्ट्र बैंक लगायत विभिन्न वाणिज्य बैंकको व्यवस्थापनतह तथा नेतृत्वदायी भूमिकामा रही २७ वर्ष भन्दा बढी बैंकिङ्ग क्षेत्रको अनुभव बटुलिसकेका ढुङ्गानालाई कुशल नेतृत्व र कार्यशैलीकै कारण सञ्चालक समितिले थपदुई वर्षका लागि पुनःबहाली गरेको बैंकले जनाएको छ ।

राष्ट्रिय र अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय अर्थतन्त्र तथा बैंकिङ्ग क्षेत्रको विज्ञता तथा अनुभव समेत हासिल गरेका ढुङ्गाना देशको अर्थतन्त्रको आवश्यकता बमोजिम विषम परिस्थितिमा समेत कुशल नेतृत्वको क्षमता राख्ने प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृतको रूपमा परिचित छन् । पेशाले चार्टड एकाउन्टेन्ट रहेका ढुङ्गानाको पूर्वाधार विकास तथा निर्माण परियोजना सम्बन्धी बैंकिङ्ग लगानीको क्षेत्रमा विशेष दख्खल रहेको मानिन्छ ।

नबिल बैंकमा प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृतको पद सम्हाल्नु पूर्व नेपालबङ्गलादेश बैंक लिमिटेडको प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृतका रूपमा १० वर्षसम्म नेतृत्व गरेको अनुभव ढुङ्गानासँग रहेको छ । नेपाल बङ्गलादेश बैंक लिमिटेड नबिल बैंक लिमिटेडमा गाभिए पश्चात् ढुङ्गानाको सबल नेतृत्व र पहलमा सम्पन्न भएको दुबै बैंकको व्यवसाय तथा कर्मचारी समायोजन र व्यवस्थापन बैंकिङ्ग क्षेत्रमै उदाहरणीय रहेको छ । यस बाहेक ढुङ्गानासँग नेपाल क्रेडिट एन्ड कमर्स बैंकको महाप्रबन्धक तथा नेपाल राष्ट्र बैंकको निर्देशक पदमा रही कार्य गरेको लामो अनुभवसमेत रहेको छ । नबिल बैंकको शाख र विश्वसनीयतालाई थप उचाइमा पु-याउने सन्दर्भमा ढुङ्गानाको पछिल्लो कार्यकाललाई उपलब्धिमूलक मानिएको छ ।

भारतबाट चार्टर्ड एकाउन्टेन्सी  र अस्ट्रेलियाबाट सर्टिफाइडपब्लिक एकाउन्टेन्ट तथा वित्तीय विश्लेषणमा स्नातकोत्तरतहको अध्ययन पूरा गरेका ढुङ्गानालाई नेपालको बैंकिङ्ग क्षेत्रमा पु-याएको उत्कृष्ट योगदानकालागि सन् २०२२ मा राष्ट्रपतिबाट प्रबल जनसेवाश्री पदकद्वारा विभुषित गरिएको थियो । साथै ढुङ्गाना सन् २०१३ मा नेपाल व्यवस्थापन संघद्वारा म्यानेजर टु वाच अवार्ड र सन् २०१५ मा म्यानेजर अफ द इयर अवार्ड विधामा पुरस्कृत व्यक्तित्व हुन् । प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत ढुङ्गानासँग सन् २०१८ मा नेपालका वाणिज्य बैंकहरूको छाता सङ्गठन नेपाल बैंकर्स संघको अध्यक्षका रूपमा नेपालको बैंकिङ्ग क्षेत्रको नेतृत्व गरेको अनुभव समेत रहेको छ ।

नबिलबैंक लिमिटेडको प्रमुखकार्यकारी अधिकृतमा पुनः नियुक्त ढुङ्गानाको कुशल र सक्षम नेतृत्वमा आगामी दिनमा नबिल बैंक लिमिटेडले विभिन्न वित्तीय सूचकाङ्कहरूमा अग्रणी स्थान हासिल गर्दै थप उचाइ प्राप्त गर्ने बैंकले आशा गरेकाे छ ।

सुनको मूल्य स्थिर, चाँदीको भने घट्यो

मंगलबार सुनको मूल्य स्थिर अवस्थामा छ भने चाँदीको मूल्य घटेको छ। यसदिन सुनको मूल्य सोमबार काराेबार भएकाे मूल्यमा नै स्थिर भएको हो। तर, चाँदीको मूल्य भने १५ रुपैयाँले सस्तिएको छ।

नेपाल सुनचाँदी व्यवसायी महासंघका अनुसार आज छापावाला सुन एक लाख ३७ हजार २०० रुपैयाँ र तेजाबी सुन प्रतितोला एक लाख ३६ हजार ५५० रुपैयाँमा कारोबार भईरहेको छ।

यसदिन चाँदी तोलामा १५ रुपैयाँले घटेर प्रतितोला एक हजार ६५० रुपैयाँमा किनबेच भईरहेको छ। सोमबार चाँदी प्रतितोला एक हजार ६६५ रुपैयाँमा कारोबार भएको थियो।

Nepse Summary April 28 2024

Source: Sharesansar 

The Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) Index saw a gain of 0.72%, or 14.33 points, settling at 1,980.27 points at the close of trading today, following a loss of 3.24 points in the previous session.

Opening at 1,973.54, the trading day witnessed fluctuations as the index reached an intraday high of 1,981.55 before dipping to an intraday low of 1,965.14.

With a bustling trading environment, 308 different stocks were exchanged in 48,183 transactions. The total volume of shares traded stood at 6,878,159, reflecting a total turnover of Rs. 2.68 Arba. The market capitalization closed at Rs. 31.39 Kharba, with a float market capitalization of Rs. 10.61 Kharba.

Pokhara Finance Ltd. (PFL) emerged as the highlight of the day with a turnover of Rs. 13.05 Crore, closing at a market price of Rs. 665.

Similarly, Pokhara Finance Ltd. (PFL) showed the highest gain of 9.84%, followed by Progressive Finance Limited (PROFL) with a gain of 7.62%.

Conversely, River Falls Power Limited (RFPL) faced a decline, losing 4.63% to close at Rs. 350.00.

In terms of sector, Only one sector Index concluded in positive territory, with the “Finance Index” leading with a gain of 3.98%. However, the “Trading Index” witnessed a decline of 0.34%.

Nepal Investment Summit 2024

Source: Sharesansar 

The upcoming Nepal Investment Summit 2024, scheduled to take place in the federal capital on April 28 and 29, is poised to feature a diverse array of 151 projects aimed at bolstering the nation’s economy. With a primary objective of attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) to fuel the establishment of factories and industries across various sectors, the Summit aims to catalyze the implementation of these projects for comprehensive national development.

These projects are perceived as vital contributors to the country’s overall progress, highlighting the imperative of external investment alongside government and private sector contributions to secure the necessary capital, technology, and human resources required for successful project execution. The 58th Meeting of the Investment Board has taken decisive steps to facilitate project realization by initiating calls for letters of intent and engaging in extensive discussions with potential investors.

Notably, the energy sector emerges as a focal point, with 31 projects slated for presentation at the Summit, as revealed by Board spokesman Pradyumna Prasad Upadhyay. Additionally, a diverse range of projects spanning sectors such as transport, mining and minerals, tourism, agriculture, production, industrial infrastructure and trade, health and education, communications and information technology, water supply, and urban development are set to be showcased.

In tandem with government initiatives, the private sector is also poised to unveil 31 projects aimed at attracting foreign direct investment during the Summit. Upadhyay underscored the government’s steadfast commitment to prioritizing private sector investment, including FDI, citing recent legislative amendments and enactments designed to cultivate an investment-friendly environment and streamline procedures to enhance ease of doing business.

With a concerted focus on bridging resource and technology gaps to drive economic development, the government remains unwavering in its efforts to bolster foreign investment commitments and inflows. The Summit serves as a pivotal platform for forging strategic partnerships and fostering collaborative endeavors to propel the nation towards sustainable growth and prosperity.

Nepse Market Summary April 25 2024

SOURCE :SHARESANSAR

The Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) Index saw a loss of 0.16%, or 3.24 points, settling at 1,965.93 points at the close of trading today, following a gain of 0.15 points in the previous session.

Opening at 1,971.36, the trading day witnessed fluctuations as the index reached an intraday high of 1,974.91 before dipping to an intraday low of 1,960.92.

With a bustling trading environment, 303 different stocks were exchanged in 42,016 transactions. The total volume of shares traded stood at 6,312,552, reflecting a total turnover of Rs. 2.36 Arba. The market capitalization closed at Rs. 31.17 Kharba, with a float market capitalization of Rs. 10.53 Kharba.

Pokhara Finance Ltd. (PFL) emerged as the highlight of the day with a turnover of Rs. 11.26 Crore, closing at a market price of Rs. 610.90.

Similarly, Multipurpose Finance Company Limited (MPFL) showed the highest gain of 9.99%, followed by Pokhara Finance Ltd. (PFL) with a gain of 8.05%.

Conversely, Sabaiko Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited (SABSL) faced a decline, losing 5.83% to close at Rs. 727.00.

In terms of sector, Five sector Indices concluded in positive territory, with the “Finance Index” leading with a gain of 3.13%. However, the “Manufacturing and Processing Index” witnessed a decline of 0.71%.

तोलामा दुई हजार ७ सय रुपैयाँले घट्यो सुन-GOLD

Source:Ekantipur

काठमाडौँ — स्थानीय बजारमा पहेँलो धातुको मूल्यमा आज गिरावट भएको छ । नेपाल सुनचाँदी व्यवसायी महासंघका अनुसार छापावाला सुन तोलामा नै दुई हजार सात सय रुपैयाँले ओरालो लागेको छ ।

सोमबार तोलामा एक लाख ३८ हजार दुई सय रुपैयाँमा कारोबार भएको छापावाला सुन आजका लागि भने एक लाख ३५ हजार पाँच सय रुपैयाँमा निर्धारण भएको छ ।

यस्तै, तेजाबी सुन सोमबार तोलामा एक लाख ३७ हजार पाँच सय रुपैयाँमा कारोबार भएकामा आजका लागि भने एक लाख ३४ हजार आठ सय ५० रुपैयाँ निर्धारण भएको छ ।

महासंघका अनुसार चाँदीको मूल्य आज तोलामा ४५ रुपैयाँले गिरावट भएको छ । सोमबार प्रतितोला एक हजार सात सय पाँच रुपैयाँमा कारोबार भएको चाँदी आजका लागि भने एक हजार छ सय ६० रुपैयाँ निर्धारण भएको छ ।

Video Source: BBC Nepali

Chart

कतारका राजा थानीका ३ श्रीमती र १३ सन्तान

Source:Merolgani

कतारका राजा (अमिर) शेख तमिम बिन हमाद अल थानी आज नेपाल आउँदै छन् । शेख तमिम इब्न हमाद अल थानी कतारका शासक र धनाढ्य हुन् । यसका साथै उनी अरबका सबैभन्दा धनी व्यक्तिहरू मध्येका एक  हुन्। 

सन् १९८० जुन ३ मा जन्मेका तमिम कतारका पूर्व शेख हमाद बिन खलिफा अल थानीका काइँलाे छोरा हुन्। उनको प्रारम्भिक शिक्षा लन्डनको प्रसिद्ध ह्यारो स्कूलमा भएको थियो। त्यसपछि उनी रोयल मिलिटरी एकेडेमीमा भर्ना भएका थिए ।

पढाइ सकेपछि शेख तमिम कतारी सेनामा भर्ना भए र सेकेण्ड लेफ्टिनेन्ट पनि भए । सन् २००३ मा, उनका जेठो दाजु शेख जसिमले सिंहासनमाथि आफ्नो दाबी त्यागे। जसपश्चात उनलाई कतारको राजा बन्ने बाटो खुलेको थियो । सन् २०१३ मा तमिमका बुबा हम्माद बिन खलिफाले अचानक आफ्नो पद त्यागको घोषणा गर्दै तमिमलाई कतारको राजा घोषणा गरेका थिए ।

अन्तरराष्ट्रिय संचारमाध्यमका अनुसार शेख हम्मादको परिवारका अधिकांश व्यक्ति सेनादेखि कतारको सरकारसम्मका विभिन्न महत्वपूर्ण पदमा छन् । एक हिसाबले हेर्दा सबै ठाउँमा उनीहरूकै चल्छ।

३ वटा विवाहबाट १३ सन्तान

कतारका अमिर शेख तमिमले ३ पटक विवाह गरेका छन् । उनले २००५,२००९ र २०१४ मा विवाह गरेका थिए । उनका १३ सन्तान छन् ।

संचारमाध्यमका अनुसार शेख तमिम एक्लै १.६ बिलियन पाउण्डका मालिक हुन् । यो सँगै शाही परिवारको कुल सम्पत्ति करिब ३३५ अर्ब डलर रहेको छ । उनी दोहाको राजदरबारमा बस्छन्।

संसारकै सबैभन्दा महँगो घरमा बस्छन्

कतारका राजाकाे राज दरबारलाई विश्वकै महँगो घर मानिन्छ । यसको मूल्य करिब एक अर्ब डलर रहेको अनुमान गरिएको छ । दरबारका केही भागमा सुनका हस्तकलाले सिंगारिएकाे छ ।

त्यहाँ १०० भन्दा बढी कोठा र ५०० सवारी साधनका लागि पार्किङको व्यवस्था छ । साउथ चाइना मर्निङ पोस्टको रिपोर्टका अनुसार शेख तमिमले सन् २०१९ मा ओमानमा आफ्नोलागि अर्को दरबार पनि बनाएका थिए जसको नाम ‘व्हाइट प्यालेस’ राखिएको छ ।

सेतो दरबार (White Palace) ठ्याक्कै दोहाको राज दरबार जस्तै रहेकाे छ । यहाँ विलासिताका सबै सुविधाहरू पनि उपलब्ध छन्। शाही र ह्वाइट प्यालेसबाहेक शेख तमिमको लण्डन,अमेरिकालगायत विश्वका अन्य देशमा पनि सम्पत्ति छ ।

समुन्द्रमा ‘तैरिरहेको दरबार’को मालिक

शेख तमिमले आफ्नो याटमा महिनाका केही दिन बिताउँछन् । यस याटलाई कटारा भनिन्छ र यो संसारको सबैभन्दा महँगो र विलासी याट भनिन्छ। करिब ४० करोड डलरको यो याट समुद्रमा तैरिरहेको दरबार जस्तै छ । १२४ मिटर लामो यो याटमा हेलिप्याड र कैयाैं डेकहरू छन्। यस याटमा ३५ पाहुना र ९० जना चालक दलका सदस्यहरूका लागि एकैसाथ बस्ने व्यवस्था रहेकाे छ ।

निजी एयरलाइन्सको मालिक पनि

कतारका राजाको आफ्नै निजी एयरलाइन्स पनि छ । सन् १९७७ मा राज परिवार र सरकारी उच्च अधिकारीलाई मात्र सेवा प्रदान गर्ने ‘कतार अमिरी एयरलाइन्स’ को आधार शिला राखिएको थियो । रिपोर्टका अनुसार यस एयरलाइनसँग हाल तीन बोइङ ७४७ सहित कम्तीमा १४ वटा विमान सञ्चालनमा छन्। प्रत्येक जहाजको लागत ४०० मिलियन डलर भन्दा बढी छ।

फुटबल क्लबका मालिक

शेख तमिमलाई लक्जरी कार पनि मनपर्छ । उनीसँग विश्वको सबैभन्दा महँगो कार छ । ती कारहरू बुगाटीदेखि फरारी,ल्याम्बोर्गिनी, रोल्स रोयससम्मका सवारी साधनहरू हुन्।

तमिमलाई खेलकुदमा निकै रुचि छ । उनको पहलमा कतारले फिफा विश्वकप आयोजनाको अधिकार पाएको हो । शेख तमिम सेन्ट जर्मन फुटबल क्लबका  मालिक पनि हुन्। भर्खरै राज परिवारले एससी ब्रागाको करिब २२ प्रतिशत शेयर खरिद गरेको छ। यो पोर्चुगलको सबैभन्दा प्रख्यात फुटबल क्लबहरू मध्येकाे एक हो।

Nepal Re Insurance Company Limited-NRIC

Nepal Reinsurance Company Limited (Nepal Re), the successor of insurance Pool that was set up in 2003 with the aim to cover damages caused by the terrorism, was incorporated on 7 November 2014, under the Companies Act, 2006 of Nepal in accordance to the decision of Council of Ministers (Nepal) dated 7th August, 2014 to convert the Insurance Pool, Nepal into Reinsurance Company. Nepal Re was formally inaugurated on 22nd December 2014 by the Hon’ble Finance Minister Dr.Ram Sharan Mahat. It is established in the PPP Model with equity participation of Government of Nepal.

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All the Chart Belong To Nepse Alpha

Board oF Director                                                                                                                                                   Head of Departments

प्रि ओपन सेसन अपडेटः करिब १ अंक बढ्यो नेप्से

Source: Merolagani

साताको पहिलो कारोबार दिन प्रि ओपन सेसनमा नेप्से परिसूचक करिब १ अंक बढेको छ।

अघिल्लो कारोबार दिन अर्थात गत बिहीबार १९.५६ अंक घटेर १९७२.१४ विन्दुमा बन्द भएको नेप्से, यस दिन सो सेसनमा ०.७७ अंक बढेर १९७२.९२ विन्दुमा पुगेको छ। सो सेसनमा सेन्सेटिभ इण्डेक्स भने ०.९२ अंक बढेको छ।

आइतबार प्रि ओपन सेसनमा २९ स्टकको १४ लाख २४ हजार ७७८ रुपैयाँबराबरको २ हजार ६४८ कित्ता शेयर कारोबार भएको छ। जसमध्ये ९ स्टकको मूल्य बढेको छ भने १६ स्टकको मूल्य घटेको छ। बाँकी ४ स्टकको मूल्य सो सेसनमा स्थिर रहेको छ।

 

ASIA

Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent, covering an area of about 44.58 million square kilometers and home to over 4.6 billion people, constituting roughly 60% of the world’s population. Here are some key points about Asia:

  1. Geography: Asia is incredibly diverse geographically, featuring vast plains, high mountain ranges, deserts, and extensive coastlines. It includes major geographical features such as the Himalayas, the Gobi Desert, the Siberian tundra, and the fertile river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, the Yangtze, and the Ganges.
  2. Cultural Diversity: Asia is incredibly diverse culturally, with numerous languages, religions, and ethnic groups. It is the birthplace of major religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Confucianism, as well as the origin of many ancient civilizations, including those of Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and China.
  3. Economic Powerhouse: Asia is an economic powerhouse, with some of the world’s fastest-growing economies, including China, India, Japan, and South Korea. The region is a hub for manufacturing, trade, and innovation and plays a significant role in the global economy.
  4. Political Landscape: Asia is home to a wide range of political systems, from authoritarian regimes to democracies. Countries like China, North Korea, and Iran have authoritarian governments, while others like India, Japan, and South Korea have democratic systems.
  5. Global Influence: Asia’s influence extends beyond its borders, impacting global politics, economics, and culture. Countries like China and India are increasingly asserting themselves on the world stage, shaping global trends and influencing international relations.
  6. Challenges: Asia faces numerous challenges, including poverty, inequality, environmental degradation, and political instability. Issues such as territorial disputes, nuclear proliferation, and terrorism also pose significant challenges to regional stability.
  7. Technological Advancements: Asia is a leader in technological innovation, with countries like Japan, South Korea, and China making significant advancements in fields such as electronics, robotics, and artificial intelligence.
  8. Regional Cooperation: Despite historical tensions and conflicts, there are efforts towards regional cooperation in Asia. Organizations like the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) aim to promote economic integration and political dialogue among Asian countries.

IRAN

Iran, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

Here are some key points about Iran:

  1. History: Iran has a rich history dating back thousands of years, with significant contributions to art, science, and culture. It was home to one of the world’s earliest civilizations, the Elamite, and later became part of the Persian Empire, one of the largest empires in history.
  2. Culture: Iranian culture is diverse, with influences from various civilizations and ethnic groups. Persian literature, poetry, and art have had a profound impact globally. Iran is known for its rich tradition of poetry, with poets like Rumi and Hafez being revered internationally.
  3. Religion: Iran is an Islamic republic, with Islam being the dominant religion. The majority of Iranians are Shia Muslims, though there are also Sunni Muslims, Christians, Jews, and other religious minorities.
  4. Politics: Iran’s political system is unique, combining elements of an Islamic theocracy with a republican democracy. The Supreme Leader holds significant power, with the President serving as the head of government. The country has faced international scrutiny over its human rights record and its nuclear program.
  5. Economy: Iran has a mixed economy, with significant government involvement in key sectors such as energy and finance. Its economy relies heavily on oil and gas exports, though efforts have been made to diversify in recent years. Economic sanctions have significantly impacted Iran’s economy.
  6. International Relations: Iran’s relations with other countries have been complex. It has had strained relationships with the United States and some Western countries, particularly over issues such as its nuclear program and support for militant groups. However, it maintains close ties with countries like Russia and China.
  7. Nuclear Program: Iran’s nuclear program has been a source of international concern and controversy. While Iran claims its program is for peaceful purposes, such as energy production, many countries, particularly Western powers, suspect it of seeking to develop nuclear weapons.
  8. Recent Developments: Iran has been involved in various regional conflicts, including the Syrian Civil War and the conflict in Yemen. It has also faced internal challenges, including protests over economic issues and political repression.

 

 

Documentary Video

Nepse Summary April 16 2024

Source:Sharesansar

The Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) Index saw a loss of 0.98%, or 19.56 points, settling at 1,972.14 points at the close of trading today, following a loss of 14.81 points in the previous session.

At the opening level of 1,992.37, the trading day experienced fluctuations as the index initially peaked at an intraday high matching the opening figure before sliding down to an intraday low of 1,967.39.

With a bustling trading environment, 315 different stocks were exchanged in 40,912 transactions. The total volume of shares traded stood at 5,344,613, reflecting a total turnover of Rs. 2.09 Arba. The market capitalization closed at Rs. 31.27 Kharba, with a float market capitalization of Rs. 10.58 Kharba.

Gurkhas Finance Ltd. (GUFL) emerged as the highlight of the day with a turnover of Rs. 17.82 Crore, closing at a market price of Rs. 820.00.

Similarly, Khanikhola Hydropower Co. Ltd. (KKHC) showed the highest gain of 7.94%, followed by Pokhara Finance Ltd. (PFL) with a gain of 6.21%.

Conversely, Ru Ru Jalbidhyut Pariyojana Limited (RURU) faced a decline, losing 9.99% to close at Rs. 504.70.

In terms of sector indices, all the sectors closed in red today. The “Manufacturing And Processing Index” saw the highest loss of 1.54%, while the “Mutual Fund Index” saw the least loss of 0.22%.

Bitcoin

Title: The Evolution of Bitcoin: From Concept to Global Phenomenon

Bitcoin, denoted as BTC and symbolized by ₿, emerged in 2008 as the pioneer of decentralized cryptocurrencies. Its underlying technology, blockchain, facilitates peer-to-peer transactions verified by network nodes, sans central authority. The genesis block, mined by the elusive Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009, marked the beginning of this revolutionary financial system. Despite skepticism from academia, Bitcoin flourished, attracting early adopters like Hal Finney and paving the way for the first commercial transaction: the legendary 10,000 BTC purchase of two pizzas by Laszlo Hanyecz in 2010.

In its formative years (2010-2012), Bitcoin faced challenges and witnessed milestones. Nakamoto’s departure left Gavin Andresen at the helm, leading to the establishment of the Bitcoin Foundation in 2012. Meanwhile, Bitcoin found an early niche in illicit markets like the Silk Road, showcasing its potential for anonymous transactions.

The ensuing period (2013-2014) brought regulatory scrutiny and market turbulence. Authorities grappled with Bitcoin’s decentralized nature, issuing guidelines and seizing assets from unregistered exchanges like Mt. Gox. China’s crackdown in 2013 sparked volatility, underscoring Bitcoin’s susceptibility to geopolitical events.

From 2015 to 2019, Bitcoin matured amidst growing adoption and technological advancements. SegWit, activated in 2017, aimed to enhance scalability, while the introduction of Bitcoin futures by the CME heralded mainstream financial integration. However, regulatory hurdles persisted, exemplified by China’s trading ban in 2018, dampening market sentiment.


The past few years (2020-present) have witnessed a paradigm shift in Bitcoin’s perception and utility. Institutional investors like MicroStrategy and PayPal embraced Bitcoin, propelling its market capitalization to unprecedented heights. Regulatory milestones, such as El Salvador’s adoption of Bitcoin as legal tender, underscored its evolving role in global finance.

Amidst these developments, Bitcoin grappled with scalability and decentralization challenges. The Lightning Network emerged as a potential solution, mitigating network congestion and fees. However, concerns over mining centralization and environmental impact lingered, prompting calls for sustainable solutions.

Bitcoin’s journey embodies the convergence of technology, economics, and ideology. From a fringe concept to a global phenomenon, it continues to redefine financial paradigms, challenging traditional institutions and inspiring a new wave of innovation.

As Bitcoin navigates the complexities of regulation and scalability, its resilience and adaptability underscore its enduring significance in the ever-evolving landscape of finance.

 

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तत्कालका लागि धितोपत्र बोर्डकाे अध्यक्षमा रितेश शाक्य

नेपाल धितोपत्र बोर्ड अध्यक्ष विहीन भएको अवस्थामा अर्थ मन्त्रालयबाट प्रतिनिधित्व गर्ने सदस्यले अध्यक्षको भूमिका निर्वाह गर्ने भएका छन्। धितोपत्र ऐन २०६३ लाई संशोधन गर्दै उक्त व्यवस्था गरिएको हो। जुन कानुन राजपत्रमा समेत प्रकाशित भइसकेको छ।

“सम्पत्ति शुद्धीकरण (मनि लाउण्डरिङ्ग) निवारण तथा व्यावसायिक वातावरण प्रवर्द्धन सम्बन्धी केही ऐनलाई संशोधन गर्ने ऐन, २०८०” गत चैत ३० मा प्रकाशित भएको हो। उक्त ऐन मार्फत एकै पटक २० वटा ऐन संशोधन भएका छन्। जसमा धितोपत्र बोर्ड सम्बन्धी ऐन २०६३ पनि संशोधन भएको छ। सोही संशोधित ऐनले अर्थ मन्त्रालयबाट बोर्डमा प्रतिनिधित्व गर्ने सदस्यले अध्यक्षको भूमिका निर्वाह गर्ने भनेको छ। धितोपत्र सम्बन्धी ऐन २०६३ को दफा ७ को उपदफा ७ पछि उपदफा ८ थप्दै उक्त व्यवस्था गरिएको हो।

“यस ऐनमा अन्यत्र जुनसुकै कुरा लेखिएको भए तापनि अध्यक्षको पद रिक्त भएमा, उपदफा ७ बमोजिम नेपाल सरकारले निजलाई पदबाट हटाएमा वा निज निलम्बनमा परि बोर्डको कामकाज गर्न नमिल्ने भएमा बोर्डमा अर्थ मन्त्रालयबाट प्रतिनिधित्व गर्ने सदस्यले बोर्डको अध्यक्षको हैसियतमा काम गर्ने छ,” उपदफा ८ मा उल्लेख छ।

ऐन राजपत्रमा प्रकाशित भइसकेको छ। उक्त अवस्थामा बोर्डमा अध्यक्षको हैसियतले अर्थ मन्त्रालयबाट प्रतिनिधित्व गर्ने सदस्यले अध्यक्षको हैसियतले काम गर्ने धितोपत्र बोर्डका कार्यकारी निर्देशक तथा प्रवक्ता मुक्तिनाथ श्रेष्ठले बताए। अहिले अर्थ मन्त्रालयको तर्फबाट सहसचिव रितेश शाक्यले बोर्डमा सदस्यको भूमिका निर्वाह गर्दै आएका छन्। शाक्यले नै आगामी दिनमा बोर्ड अध्यक्षको भूमिका निर्वाह गर्ने छन्। उक्त ऐन आउनु पूर्व अर्थ मन्त्रालयले बोर्ड कै बरिष्ठतम् कार्यकारी निर्देशक डा. नवराज अधिकारीलाई दैनिक कामकाजको जिम्मा दिएको थियो।

प्रभु केबुलकारले आइपीओ ल्याउँदै-Prabhu Cable Car IPO

Source:Merolagani

प्रभु केबुलकार एन्ड टुरिज्म लिमिटेडले आईपीओ जारी गर्ने भएको छ । कम्पनीले सर्वसाधारणलाई प्राथमिक शेयर (आईपीओ) निष्कासन गर्ने प्रक्रिया अघि बढाउन शेयर निष्कासन तथा बिक्री प्रबन्धक नियुक्तिको आवेदन मागेको छ ।

प्रतिस्पर्धाबाट छनोट हुने बिक्री प्रबन्धकले कम्पनी आईपीओ जारी गर्न थप प्रक्रिया अघि बढाउन शिलबन्दी आह्वान गरिएको कम्पनीद्वारा जारी सूचनामा जनाइएको छ ।कम्पनीले प्रिमियम भाउमा आईपीओ जारी गर्ने भएको छ ।

कम्पनीले हाल तीन वटा केबुलकार परियोजना अघि बढाएको छ । जसमध्ये बुटवलको सिद्धार्थ केबुलकार परियोजना सञ्चालनको अन्तिम तयारीमा छ । एक अर्ब रुपैयाँको लागतमा तिनाउ नदी छेउको मणिमुकुन्द सेन फुलबारी पार्कदेखि पाल्पाको नुवाकोट डाँडा जोड्नेगरी सिद्धार्थ केबुलकार निर्माण भएको छ । आन्तरिक पर्यटकदेखि तथा भारतीय पर्यटक लक्षित गरी निर्माण गरिएको उक्त केबलकार केही दिनभित्रै सञ्चालनमा आउने छ ।

त्यसबाहेक कम्पनीले रामेछापमा खाँडादेवी केबुलकार र सिन्धुलीमा सिद्धबाबा केबुलकार योजना कम्पनीले अघि सारेको छ । यी दुवै आयोजनामा प्रारम्भिक कार्य भइरहेको छ । कम्पनीमा प्रभु ग्रुप अन्तर्गत प्रभु स्टिल एन्ड हाइड्रो इक्युपमेन्ट इन्डष्ट्रिज, प्रभु ऊर्जा कृषि पर्यटन लिमिटेड, हाइड्रो होल्डिङ एन्ड पावर डेभलपमेन्ट, प्रभु जलविद्युत् विकास लिमिटेडको लगानी रहेको छ ।

 

 

 

 

 

 

Khalti

Khalti is a mobile wallet, payment gateway & service provider in Nepal. Launched in January 2017, Khalti is an emerging online payment solution in Nepal. It allows users to pay for a range of services like basic utility payments, hotel bookings, movie and domestic flight tickets, events and many more.

The payment solution is offered to over hundreds of merchants across Nepal and provides seamless payments using ebanking, smart banking, cards, and wallet. Not just limited to mobile app users, Khalti has more than 100,000 POS and Agent Network providing Khalti services to end users.

Khalti is home to some of the brightest minds in the country, which includes a team of highly skilled developers and interactive marketers. The solution-oriented approach makes it reliable for any and all kind of service one might require from Khalti with the best user experience possible.

The goal of Khalti is to simplify lives of people by bringing financial inclusivity to every individual in Nepal and take the payment industry from offline to online through best practices.

Awards and Partnerships Khalti has been acknowledged for its unwavering commitment to data security management, as evidenced by its ISO 27001:2013 certification in 2022. This prestigious certification recognizes organizations that have demonstrated their ability to maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information by implementing effective data security controls and management processes.

In the same year, Khalti was recognized with the WITSA Global Innovation & Tech Excellence Awards 2022 in Malaysia, further solidifying its reputation as a leading player in the tech industry. The company was also declared the global winner of the Google Business Group Storytelling Contest in 2017, showcasing its storytelling abilities and innovative approach to business.

In line with its mission to empower communities, Khalti has launched the Smart Chhori Campaign, supported by major international development organizations such as the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the U.S Agency for International Development (USAID), and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade (DFAT). This campaign aims to bring women and girls out of poverty by providing them with the tools and resources they need to succeed.

Khalti is also committed to financial literacy and has partnered with The Asia Foundation to provide digital and financial information to Nepali migrant workers through the Shuvayatra app. Funded by the Department for International Development (DFID), this initiative aims to equip migrant workers with the skills they need to make informed financial decisions.

These achievements demonstrate Khalti’s unwavering commitment to excellence and its leadership in data security, financial literacy, and community empowerment.

VisitWebsire:Khalti

 

 

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चीनकाे अर्थतन्त्र पहिलाे त्रैमासमा अपेक्षा भन्दा धेरैले बढ्याे

Source:Merolgani

कोरोना संक्रमणकालपछि चीनको आर्थिक अवस्था झन् बिग्रदै गएकाे छ । चीनमा घरजग्गा क्षेत्रमा पनि ठूलो गिरावट देखिएको छ । जसको दबाब चीनको बैंकिङ प्रणालीमा परेकाे छ ।

यसैबीच,मुद्रास्फीतिमा भएको वृद्धि र निर्माणमा कमजोरीले ड्र्यागनको चिन्ता बढाएको छ। तर, चीनले आफ्नो अर्थतन्त्र बलियो बनाउन कैयाैं कडा कदम चालेको छ । जसकाे प्रभाव अर्थतन्त्रमा देखिएकाे छ ।

यद्धपि चीनको अर्थतन्त्रले २०२४ काे पहिलो त्रैमासमा सोचेभन्दा राम्रो प्रदर्शन गरेको बताइएको छ । आधिकारिक तथ्याङ्क अनुसार विश्वको दोस्रो ठूलो अर्थतन्त्र जनवरी-मार्च त्रैमासमा ५.३ प्रतिशतको वार्षिक दरले वृद्धि भएको छ । विश्लेषकहरूले पहिलाे त्रैमासमा करिब ४.६ प्रतिशतकाे वृद्धि दर रहने अनुमान गरेका थिए । तर उक्त अनुमान भन्दा याे बढी हो । अघिल्लो त्रैमासको तुलनामा चीनकाे वृद्धिदर १.६ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ ।

राष्ट्रिय तथ्याङ्क ब्यूरोको तथ्याङ्कले पनि पहिलो त्रैमासिक खुद्रा बिक्री वृद्धि पनि सार्वजनिक गरेकाे छ ।चिनियाँ उपभाेक्ताहरूकाे विश्वास मापन गर्ने खुद्रा बिक्री दर ३.१ प्रतिशतमा झरेको छ।

सोही अवधिमा सम्पत्ति लगानी दर पनि ९.५ प्रतिशतले घटेको छ । यस दरले चीनका घर जग्गा फर्महरूले सामना गरिरहेकाे चुनौतीहरूलाई दर्शाउँछ।

सन् २०२४ को लागि पनि ठूलो लक्ष्य 

चीनले सार्वजनिक गरेको तथ्यांक अनुसार पहिलो त्रैमासमा वार्षिक आधारमा औद्योगिक उत्पादन ६.१ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ भने खुद्रा बिक्री दर वार्षिक ४.७ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ । नीति निर्माताहरूले चीनको अर्थतन्त्रलाई बढावा दिन कैयाैं वित्तीय र मौद्रिक नीति उपायहरू अपनाएका छन्। चीनले सन् २०२४ का लागि पाँच प्रतिशतको महत्वाकांक्षी कुल गार्हस्थ्य उत्पादन (जीडीपी) वृद्धि लक्ष्य राखेको छ।

जनसंख्या घट्नु चिन्ताको विषय 

एकातिर चीनको अवस्था राम्रो हुँदै गइरहेको छ । अर्कोतर्फ,मुलुकको घट्दो जनसंख्या चिन्ताको विषय बनेको छ । सन् २०२३ मा चीनको जनसङ्ख्या १ अर्ब ४१ करोडबाट घटेर १ अर्ब ४० करोडमा झरेकाे छ । संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघको प्रक्षेपण अनुसार सन् २०५० सम्ममा चीनको जनसङ्ख्या घटेर १ अर्ब ३१ करोड पुग्नेछ । त्यसपछि २०५०सम्म यो करिब ८० करोडमा झर्नेछ।यसको प्रभाव विश्वभर देखिनेछ। जनसंख्या परिवर्तनले ‘विनाशको चक्र’ निम्त्याउन सक्छ जहाँ एउटा आर्थिक अवस्थाले नकारात्मक प्रभावहरू सिर्जना गर्छ। कम उत्पादकत्वले विशेष क्षेत्रहरूमा उत्पादनलाई असर गर्न थालेपछि चीनले ती उद्योगहरूमा माग पूरा गर्न आयात बढाउन बाध्य हुन सक्छ।

शेयरको भित्रि कारोबारमा प्रहरीले अनुसन्धान गर्ने भएपछि शेयर बजारमा बढ्यो बिक्री चाप, सूचक २,००० विन्दु तल झर्यो

Source:Merolagani

शेयरको भित्रि कारोबारमा प्रहरीले अनुसन्धान गर्ने भएपछि शेयर बजारमा बिक्री चाप बढेको छ। जसले गर्दा मंगलबार सूचक २००० विन्दु तल झरेको छ।

नेप्सेले यस दिन २,००० को मनोबैज्ञानिक सपोर्ट विन्दुलाई तोडेर तल झरेको हो।

मंगलबार नेप्से सूचक १४.८१ अंकले घटेर १९९१.७१ विन्दुमा बन्द भएको छ। पछिल्लो दिनहरुमा कारोबार रकम पनि घट्दै गएको छ। मंगलबार कारोबार रकम २ अर्ब १० करोड रुपैयाँमा सिमित भएको छ। यस दिन २ अर्ब १० करोड ३० लाख १९ हजार २१८ रुपैयाँ बराबरको ५४ लाख ७१ हजार ६८ कित्ता शेयर कारोबार भएको हो।

धितोपत्र कारोबारमा इन्साइडर ट्रेडिङ अर्थात शेयरमा भित्रि कारोबारमा अब प्रहरीले अनुसन्धान गर्ने भएको छ। धितोपत्र सम्बन्धी ऐन २०६३ को बुँदा नम्बर १०३ लाई संशोधन गर्दै यस्तो व्यवस्था गरिएको हो । राजपत्रमा प्रकाशन गरी ऐन कार्यान्वयनमा ल्याइएको छ । यसले लगानीकर्ताको मनोबल थप खस्केको छ। जसले गर्दा शेयर बजारमा बिक्री चाप बढेको देखिन्छ।

पूँजीबजार सुधारको लागि काम हुन नसकेको भन्दै निराश बनेका लगानीकर्तामा यसले झनै निराशा थपेको छ। जसले असर बजारमा देखिएको छ।

यस दिन गोर्खाज फाइनान्सको शेयरमूल्य सबैभन्दा धेरै ९.९६ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ भने ग्रिन डेभलपमेन्ट बैंकको ५.०२ प्रतिशत र दिब्यश्वरी हाइड्रोपावरको ४.४ प्रतिशतले बढेको छ। यता रुरु हाइड्रोपावरको शेयरमूल्य सबैभन्दा धेरै १० प्रतिशतले घटेकाे छ भने पोखरा फाइनान्सको ६.७४ प्रतिशत र सिवाइसिएल लघुवित्तको ६.५० प्रतिशतले घटेको छ।

मंगलबार गोर्खाज फाइनान्सको १७ करोड ५९ लाख रुपैयाँको शेयर कारोबार भएको छ भने सूर्य ज्योति लाइफ इन्स्योरेन्सको ७ करोड ४३ लाख र पोखरा फाइनान्सको ६ करोड ६८ लाख रुपैयाँको शेयर कारोबार भएको छ।

Arghakhachi Cement to issue IPO next FY

Source:Nagarik

KATHMANDU, Sept 2: Arghakhachi Cement has announced that it is moving forward with its plan to issue general shares in the next fiscal year.

Raju Poudel, chief finance officer of the company, said they have started homework to open the company’s shares in public. He, however, said that the exact date to issue the public offerings is yet to be made.

Arghakhachi Cement was converted to a public limited company last year. Three years ago, the company increased its production capacity to manufacture one million tons of cement annually. The company claimed that it was able to increase its sales by 18 percent even during 2020/21 despite the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic.

Meanwhile, the cement company has received certification of 43 grades for its OPC cement. Uddhav Karki, general manager of the company, said the Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology on Thursday approved NHS-572 certification allowing upgrading its products to 43 grades from 33 grades earlier.

नागढुङ्गा-सिस्नेखोला सुरुङमार्गको मुख्य सुरुङको ‘ब्रेक थ्रू

Source:NEPSEALPHA

नागढुङ्गा-सिस्नेखोला सुरुङमार्गको मुख्य सुरुङ आज ‘ब्रेक थ्रू’ भएको छ । प्रधानमन्त्री पुष्पकमल दाहाल प्रचण्डको उपस्थितिमा विस्फोट गराई २ मिटर खनेर मुख्य सुरुङको ब्रेक थ्रु भएको हो ।

चन्द्रागिरी नगरपालिकाको बलम्बूदेखि धादिङको सिस्नेखोला जोड्ने सुरुङमार्गअन्तर्गत मुख्य सुरुङको लम्बाइ दुई हजार ६ सय ६७ मिटर रहेको छ ।

आयोजनाको आपतकालीन सुरुङ भने गत साउनमै ब्रेक थ्रू भइसकेको छ । सुरुङभित्रको सडक ढलान, बत्ती तथा अक्सिजन पाइप जडान लगायतका काम बाँकी छ ।

सम्झौताअनुसार सुरुङ मार्गको निर्माण अघिल्लो वैशाखमै सम्पन्न हुनुपर्ने थियो । सुरुङमार्ग अन्तर्गत तीनवटा अन्डरपास, चारवटा बक्स कल्भर्ट, एउटा ओभरपास, तीनवटा पुल र एउटा फ्लाइओभर रहने नागढुंगा-सिस्नेरी सुरुङमार्ग आयोजनाले जनाएको छ ।

सुरुङबाट सवारीसाधन सञ्चालन गर्न भने थप १ वर्ष लाग्ने आयोजनाले जनाएको छ । मुख्य सुरुङ गत फागुन २३ मा ‘ब्रेक थ्रु’ गर्ने तयारी थियो । १४ मिटर खन्न बाँकी छँदा स्थानीयले खानेपानी, सिँचाइलगायत नयाँ पुराना माग अघि सार्दै धादिङ र काठमाडौंतर्फ एक महिना काम ठप्प पारेका थिए ।

भौतिक पूर्वाधार तथा यातायात मन्त्रालयमा मन्त्रालय र स्थानीयबीच ९ बुँदे सहमति पछि चैत ६ देखि निर्माण सुरु भएको थियो । नागढुंगा सुरुङ मार्गको मुख्य लम्बाइ २६ सय ६६ मिटर छ । सुरुङ सञ्चालनमा आएपछि भने काठमाडौंको थानकोटबाट तीन मिनेट मै धादिङको सिस्ने खोला पुगिनेछ । मुख्य सुरुङ २.६८८ किमि र आपत्कालीन सुरुङको दूरी २.५५७ किमि छ ।

Shrijanshil Laghubitta Limited-SHLB

Shrijanshil Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha (SHLB) is national level ‘D‘ class Financial institutions incorporated in 2075 BS. Register on Company Registrar Office of Government of Nepal on 2075 BS under Company Act 2063 with registration number 20133/075/076 and received ‘D’ class institution license  from Nepal Rastra Bank (Central Bank of Nepal) in 2075 BS with License number 91/075/076.

SHLB Micro-Finance Program is handover from Shrijana Community Development Center (SCDC) and SCDC has been conducting Micro-Finance Program as Non-Governmental Organization(NGO) since 2059 BS. Micro-Finance programs include facilities like Loan, Saving, Micro-Insurance and financial literacy programs.

Capital Structure of SLBSL

Capital

 

Governance

General Body compose of few general members. Governing Body also known as Board consist of five member elected from general assembly of General Body. Board is responsible for formulating policies and monitoring the implementation of policies through various monitoring methods.

Organization Structure:

Org Structure

CHART

VISIT: NepseAlpha

नाफामा नबिललाई जित्न कठिन, मध्यमस्तरका बैंकहरुमा मात्रै चर्को प्रतिस्पर्धा, कसको प्रतिस्पर्धा को सँग?

केहि समय अघिसम्म वाणिज्य बैंकहरुमा खुद नाफामा नम्बर १ बन्ने प्रतिस्पर्धा चल्थ्यो। नबिल बैंक, ग्लोबल आइएमई बैंक, राष्ट्रिय वाणिज्य बैंक, एनआइसी एशिया बैंक, इन्भेष्टमेन्ट बैंक लगायतको प्रतिस्पर्धा पहिलो स्थानको लागि नै रहन्थ्यो। कहिले ग्लोबल सबैभन्दा बढी नाफा कमाउने बैंक बन्थ्यो भने केहिले राष्ट्रिय वाणिज्य बैंक।

तर अहिले भने नबिल बैंक अन्य बैंकले टक्कर दिन नसक्ने स्थानमा देखिएको छ। किनभने ८ महिनासम्म नै नबिल बैंकले अन्य बैंकको तुलनामा सवा अर्ब बढी नाफा कमाइसकेको छ। यसले गर्दा अब अन्य बैंकलाई नबिलभन्दा अघि जान कठिन हुने देखिन्छ।

दोस्रो स्थानमा रहेको ग्लोबल आइएमई बैंकको नाफा नबिल बैंककोभन्दा सवा अर्बभन्दा धेरैले कम छ। नबिल बैंकले फागुनसम्ममा ४ अर्ब ७२ करोड रुपैयाँ कमाउदा ग्लोबल आइएमई बैंकले ३ अर्ब ४३ करोड रुपैयाँ मात्रै नाफा कमाएको छ। यसले गर्दा चालु आर्थिक वर्षमा नबिल बैंकले पहिलो र ग्लोबल आइएमई बैंकले दोस्रो स्थान सुरक्षित जस्तै देखिन्छ।

यी बाहेकमा अन्य केहि मध्यमस्तरका बैंकहरुमा भने चर्को प्रतिस्पर्धा देखिएको छ। राष्ट्रिय वाणिज्य बैंक, नेपाल इन्भेष्टमेन्ट मेगा बैंक, एनआइसी एशिया बैंकबीच तेस्रो स्थानको लागि नै चर्को प्रतिस्पर्धा छ। यसबाहेक एभरेष्ट र स्ट्यान्डर्ड चार्टर्ड बैंकको पनि २ अर्बभन्दा बढी नाफा रहेकोले यी बैंक पनि तेस्रो स्थानको लागि नै दाबेदार हुन सक्छन्।

यसबाहेकका अन्य बैंकको भने नाफा २ अर्ब तल छ। तर ती बैंकहरुमा पनि नाफामा ठूलो फरक भने छैन।

फागुनसम्मको तथ्याँक हेर्दा प्राइम कमर्शियल बैंक तेस्रो स्थानमा छ। उसले कुल २ अर्ब ८८ करोड रुपैयाँ नाफा कमाएको छ। प्राइम बैंकले बिग मर्जर विना नै बिग मर्जर गर्ने बैंकहरुलाई टक्कर दिन थालेको छ। यस्तै सरकारी स्वामित्वको राष्ट्रिय वाणिज्य बैंकले २ अर्ब ८७ करोड नाफा कमाएको छ। कुनै समय पहिलो स्थानको लागि प्रतिस्पर्धी हुने राष्ट्रिय वाणिज्य बैंक अन्य बैंकको मर्जरले गर्दा केहि पछाडि पर्न थालेको छ। यस्तै नेपाल इन्भेष्टमेन्ट बैंकको नाफा २ अर्ब ८० करोड रुपैयाँ छ। यी तीन बैंकमा तिब्र प्रतिस्पर्धा छ।

यस्तै एनआइसी एशिया बैंको नाफा २ अर्ब ५४ करोड छ। केहि समय अघिसम्म पहिलो स्थानकै लागि प्रतिस्पर्धी देखिने एनआइसी एशिया बैंक पनि अहिले केहि पछि पर्न थालेको छ। अब एनआइसीको प्रतिस्पर्धा मध्यमस्तरका बैंकसँग हुने देखिएको छ। एभरेष्ट बैंकले पनि फागुनसम्ममा २ अर्ब २९ करोड नाफा कमाएको छ। विदेशी लगानीको बैंक, स्ट्यान्डर्ड चार्टर्ड बैंकले पनि २ अर्ब ८ करोड नाफा कमाएको छ।

अर्को सरकारी बैंक कृषि विकास बैंकले १ अर्ब ९७ करोड नाफा कमाएको छ भने उसलाई पछ्याउँदै हिमालयन बैंकले १ अर्ब ९४ करोड, एनएमबि बैकले १ अर्ब ९२ करोड र लक्ष्मी बैंकले १ अर्ब ८२ करोड नाफा कमाएका छन्।

सिद्धार्थ बैंकले १ अर्ब ६९ करोड नाफा कमाउदा सानिमा बैंकले १ अर्ब ६६ करोड, प्रभु बैंकले १ अर्ब ५१ करोड र कुमारीले १ अर्ब ४२ करोड नाफा कमाएका छन्।

यता नेपाल बैंकले १ अर्ब २८ करोड नाफा कमाउदा सिटिजन्स बैंकले १ अर्ब २२ करोड नाफा कमाएको छ। माछापुच्छ्रे बैंकले १ अर्ब १६ करोड नाफा कमाउदा नेपाल एसविआई बैंक १ र्अब ८० लाख नाफा कमाएर सबैभन्दा अन्तिम स्थानमा छ।

केहि बैंकको नाफा बढी भएपनि पूँजी समेत बढी हुँदा उनीहरुको प्रतिशेयर आम्दानी भने कम छ। तर केहि बैंकले कम पूँजीबाटै बढी नाफा कमाउन सफल हुँदा उनीहरुको प्रतिशेयर आम्दानी धेरै छ भने शेयरधनीलाई समेत बढी प्रतिफल दिन सक्ने अवस्था छ।

संसद् अधिवेशनको अन्त्य स्वभाविक प्रक्रियाबाट भएको हो : सञ्चारमन्त्री शर्मा

काठमाडौँ — सरकारले संसद्को चालु अधिवेशनको अन्त्य स्वभाविक प्रक्रियाअन्तर्गत भएको बताएका छन् । आइतबार मन्त्रिपरिषद् बैठकका निर्णय सार्वजनिकपछि सञ्चारकर्मीहरुले राखेका जिज्ञासाको जवाफ दिँदै सञ्चार तथा सूचना प्रविधिमन्त्री रेखा शर्माले संसद् अधिवेशन स्वभाविक प्रक्रियाअन्तर्गत अन्त्य भएको बताइन् ।

उनले स्वभाविक रुपमा भएको संसद् अधिवेशनलाई अरु अर्थमा बुझ्न नहुने बताए । उनले सरकार संसद्‌मा उठेका प्रश्नबाट भाग्न खोज्यो भन्ने नेपाली कांग्रेसको आरोप गलत भएको बताए ।

संसद्को एउटा अधिवेशनबाट अर्को अधिवेशनमा पुग्नका निम्ति हामीलाई केही समय चाहिन्छ । हाम्रा नियमावली, संविधानका व्यवस्था छन् । त्यो व्यवस्थाअनुसार हाम्रो केही समय संसद् अधिवेशन बन्द गर्नैपर्ने हुन्छ । अब हाम्रो बजेट अधिवेशन नजिक आउँदैछ । यस पटक बजेट कार्यक्रममा नयाँपन दिने पनि हामीले भनेका छौँ । त्यही अनुसार हामीले सिद्धान्त र प्राथमिकता एक खालले पारित गरिसकेका छौँ,’ मन्त्री शर्माले भनिन्, ‘सिद्धान्त र प्राथमिकतामा धेरै सल्लाह र सुझावहरु आएका छन् । त्यसलाई परिमार्जन गर्नुपर्नेछ ।’

उनले अहिले सरकारको ध्यान नीति तथा कार्यक्रम र बजेटको तयारी गर्नेमा केन्द्रीत रहेको बताइन् । उनले एउटा अधिवेशनबाट अर्को अधिवेशनमा पुग्नका निम्ति संसद् अधिवेशन बन्द गर्नैपर्ने बाध्यता रहेको बताइन् ।

Source:Ekantipur

Nepse Summary April 14 2024

Source: Sharesansar

The Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) Index saw a loss of 0.11%, or 2.35 points, settling at 2,023.35 points at the close of trading today, following a loss of 10.71 points in the previous session.

Opening at 2,025.7, the trading day witnessed fluctuations as the index reached an intraday high of 2,031.90 before dipping to an intraday low of 2,017.88.

With a bustling trading environment, 320 different stocks were exchanged in 59,041 transactions. The total volume of shares traded stood at 7,795,023, reflecting a total turnover of Rs. 3.06 Arba. The market capitalization closed at Rs. 32.08 Kharba, with a float market capitalization of Rs. 10.81 Kharba.

Sanima Mai Hydropower Ltd. (SHPC) emerged as the highlight of the day with a turnover of Rs. 21.47 Crore, closing at a market price of Rs. 334.00.

Similarly, Shrijanshil Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited (SHLB) showed the highest gain of 10%, followed by NIC ASIA Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited (NICLBSL) with a gain of 9.72%.

Conversely, Gurans Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited (GLBSL) faced a decline, losing 10% to close at Rs. 2,106.00.

In terms of sector, Four Sector Indices concluded in positive territory, with the “Microfinance Index” leading with a gain of 1.91%. However, the “Non-Life Insurance Index” witnessed a decline of 1.03%.

 

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NEPSE SUMMARY APRIL 10

KATHMANDU, April 10: Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) on Wednesday declined by 10.71 points to close at 2,025.30 points.

The market opened at 2,036.01 points and reached the day’s high at 2,045.4 points in the first 15 minutes of the trading time. In the next moment, the market went into a downward graph and hit the day’s low at 2,016.92 points before the last five minutes of the trading time. However, the market recovered around nine points before it closed for the day.

The sensitive index that measures the performance of ‘A’ class companies shed 1.96 points. The daily turnover declined to Rs 3.48 billion from Rs 4.14 billion on Tuesday.

Only two groups – trading, and manufacturing and processing – posted gains of 40.17 points and 9.33 points, respectively. Of the 11 losers, life insurance fell 130.18 points, which was followed by non-life insurance with a decline of 111.50 points.

Among individual companies, 63 were recorded as gainers whereas 176 were the losers.

Himalayan Reinsurance Limited(HRL) had the largest turnover of its shares worth Rs 125.48 million. Singati Hydro Energy Limited was the top loser, while Mandu Hydropower Limited gained the highest of 9.69 percent of its market price.

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NETFLIX

 

 

Title: The Evolution of Netflix: From Humble Beginnings to Global Streaming Giant

Introduction: In the vast landscape of entertainment, few companies have had as profound an impact as Netflix. From its humble beginnings as a DVD rental service to its current status as a dominant force in the streaming industry, Netflix has transformed the way we consume media. This article delves into the fascinating history of Netflix, its journey to becoming a household name, and the story of its visionary founders.

The Birth of Netflix: Netflix was founded in 1997 by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph, two entrepreneurs with a vision to revolutionize the way people rented movies. The idea came to Hastings after incurring a $40 late fee for returning a rented copy of “Apollo 13”. Frustrated by the traditional video rental model, Hastings saw an opportunity to leverage the internet to create a more convenient and cost-effective solution.

Initially offering DVD rentals by mail, Netflix quickly gained traction with its subscription-based model, which allowed customers to rent an unlimited number of DVDs for a flat monthly fee. This innovative approach disrupted the brick-and-mortar rental industry dominated by companies like Blockbuster.

The Transition to Streaming: As technology advanced and internet speeds improved, Netflix recognized the potential of streaming media. In 2007, the company launched its streaming service, allowing subscribers to instantly watch a vast library of movies and TV shows online. This marked a pivotal moment in Netflix’s evolution, as it shifted its focus from physical media to digital content delivery.

The introduction of original content further solidified Netflix’s position in the streaming market. Producing acclaimed series like “House of Cards”, “Stranger Things”, and “The Crown”, Netflix demonstrated its ability to create compelling and diverse content that appealed to a global audience.

Global Expansion and Market Dominance: Netflix’s growth has been nothing short of phenomenal. From its roots in the United States, the company has expanded its presence to over 190 countries, reaching millions of subscribers worldwide. Its subscription-based model and personalized recommendation algorithms have helped Netflix retain customers and drive continued growth.

Despite facing competition from other streaming services like Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, and Disney+, Netflix remains the dominant player in the industry. Its extensive library of content, user-friendly interface, and commitment to innovation have solidified its position as the go-to destination for entertainment.

The Visionary Founders: Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph are the masterminds behind Netflix’s success. Hastings, a former math teacher turned entrepreneur, provided the strategic vision and leadership necessary to navigate Netflix through its various stages of growth. His commitment to innovation and willingness to take risks have been instrumental in shaping the company’s trajectory.

Randolph, on the other hand, brought entrepreneurial spirit and a knack for product development to the table. As the original CEO of Netflix, Randolph played a key role in shaping the company’s early years and laying the foundation for its future success.

Together, Hastings and Randolph embody the spirit of entrepreneurship and innovation that defines Netflix. Their bold ideas and relentless pursuit of excellence have propelled the company to unprecedented heights, making it a household name synonymous with entertainment.

Conclusion: From its humble beginnings as a DVD rental service to its current status as a global streaming powerhouse, Netflix’s journey has been nothing short of remarkable. Through innovation, strategic vision, and a commitment to excellence, the company has revolutionized the way we consume media. As Netflix continues to push the boundaries of entertainment, one thing remains clear: its impact on the industry will be felt for years to come.

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NEPSE

 

VIDEO: IDEAPERNUAR NEPAL
Nepal Stock Exchange, in short NEPSE, is established under the Companies Act- 2006, operating under Securities Act- 2007. The basic objective of NEPSE is to impart free marketability and liquidity to the government and corporate securities by facilitating transactions in its trading floor through member, market intermediaries, such as broker, market makers etc. NEPSE opened its trading floor on13th January 1994.

Structure
The current paid-up capital of NEPSE is NRs.1,00,00,00,000. Government of Nepal, Nepal Rastra Bank,Employees Provident Fund,Rastriya Banijya Bank (former, Nepal Industrial Development Corporation) ,Laxmi Bank Ltd,Prabhu Bank Ltd and other securities businessperson (brokers) are the shareholders of NEPSE. The following table shows the percentage of shareholdings by respective shareholders on the capital structure:

S.N. Shareholders Ownership (Percentage) No. of Shares
1 Government of Nepal 58.66 58,66,000
2 Nepal Rastra Bank 9.5 9,50,000
3 Employees Provident fund 10.00 10,00,000
4 Rastriya Banijya Bank 11.23 11,23,000
5 Laxmi Bank Ltd 5.00 5,00,000
6 Prabhu Bank Ltd 5.00 5,00,000
7 Others 0.60 60,000
History
The history of securities market began with the floatation of shares by Biratnagar Jute Mills Ltd. and Nepal Bank Ltd. in 1937. Introduction of the Company Act in 1964, the first issuance of Government Bond in 1964 and the establishment of Securities Exchange Center Ltd. in 1976 were other significant development relating to capital markets.

Securities Exchange Center was established with an objective of facilitating and promoting the growth of capital markets. Before conversion into stock exchange it was the only capital markets institution undertaking the job of brokering, underwriting, managing public issue, market making for government bonds and other financial services. Nepal Government, under a program initiated to reform capital markets converted Securities Exchange Center into Nepal Stock Exchange in 1993.

Members
Members of NEPSE are permitted to act as intermediaries in buying and selling of government bonds and listed corporate securities. At present, there are 50 member brokers with 43 branches, who operate on the trading floor as per the Securities Act- 2007, rules and bye-laws. The broker house and its branches are expanded over 21 different cities of Nepal.

Shekhar Golchha

Mr. Shekhar Golchha is the Managing Director – Hansraj Hulaschand and Co. Pvt. Ltd (Country’s largest private sector trading company), HIM Electronics Pvt. Ltd. (Country’s leading consumer electronics manufacturing and marketing company) and Hulas Investments Pvt. Ltd. Mr. Golchha is the Director of Hester Nepal Pvt. Ltd, Neoteric Nepal and Eastern Sugar Mills Ltd. Mr. Golchha is the Vice President of Federation of Nepalese Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FNCCI), Chairperson of the Banking Committee, Immediate Past President of the Nepal Automobile Dealers’ Association. He is also the Executive Member of Nepal -India Chamber of commerce and Industry. He has completed his Bachelor in Business Administration from Webster University, UK , Bachelor of Commerce, Delhi University, India. Mr. Golchha has completed his high school and his elementary education from St. Xavier’s School, Nepal.GOLCHA GROUP

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Himalayan Re -Insurance Company-HRL

 

Himalayan Re: Elevating Nepal’s Insurance Landscape

In the dynamic world of insurance, Nepal has witnessed a groundbreaking development with the emergence of Himalayan Re, the country’s pioneering private sector reinsurance company. Established with a visionary mission, Himalayan Re stands as a beacon of innovation and reliability, offering essential reinsurance support to both Life and General Insurance Companies within Nepal and beyond its borders.

Capital Strength and Ownership Structure

With an authorized capital of NPR 21 billion (approximately USD 175 million), Himalayan Re boasts a robust financial foundation, reflecting its commitment to stability and growth. Its issued and paid-up capital of NPR 10 billion each (approximately USD 85 million) underscores the confidence placed in the company’s potential and underscores its capacity to meet the diverse needs of its clients.

The ownership structure of Himalayan Re further exemplifies its solid footing in the industry. With promoters’ share amounting to 70% of the paid-up capital, the company enjoys steadfast support from prominent entities such as the Golchha Group, Shanker Group, and Infinity Holdings, among others. These stalwart promoters, alongside leading financial institutions and commercial banks, collectively contribute to Himalayan Re’s strength and resilience.

Visionary Outlook and Mission Statement

At the heart of Himalayan Re’s operations lies a bold vision: to become the premier reinsurer of choice in the global market. Anchored by this aspiration, the company diligently pursues its mission of providing cedants and clients with unparalleled reinsurance capacity, innovative solutions, and risk mitigation products. Upholding professional standards of international acclaim, Himalayan Re strives to transcend boundaries and set new benchmarks in the reinsurance landscape.

Commitment to Excellence and Collaboration

Driven by a relentless pursuit of excellence, Himalayan Re remains steadfast in its commitment to delivering superior value to its stakeholders. Through collaboration and strategic partnerships, the company leverages the collective expertise of its promoters and stakeholders to address evolving market demands effectively. As a testament to its unwavering dedication, Himalayan Re continually evolves its offerings to meet the dynamic needs of the insurance industry while fostering sustainable growth and prosperity.

In conclusion, Himalayan Re stands poised at the forefront of Nepal’s insurance sector, embodying a spirit of innovation, integrity, and excellence. With a clear vision, robust capital structure, and unwavering commitment to its mission, the company is primed to carve a distinctive niche in the global reinsurance arena, elevating Nepal’s standing on the world stage.

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Graphis Processing Unit – GPU

Title: Unveiling the Power of Graphics Processing Units (GPUs): A Comprehensive Exploration

Introduction to Graphics Processing Units (GPUs):

In the realm of modern computing, Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) have emerged as indispensable components driving innovation across various industries. Initially developed to handle graphical tasks such as rendering images and videos for gaming and multimedia applications, GPUs have evolved into powerful parallel processing units capable of tackling complex computational workloads. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the architecture, functionality, applications, and future trends of GPUs, unraveling the profound impact they have had on technology and society.

Understanding GPU Architecture:

At the heart of every GPU lies a sophisticated architecture optimized for parallel processing. Unlike Central Processing Units (CPUs), which excel at executing sequential instructions, GPUs are designed to perform numerous calculations simultaneously, leveraging thousands of processing cores known as CUDA cores or stream processors. This parallelism enables GPUs to excel in tasks that involve vast amounts of data, such as image and video processing, scientific simulations, and machine learning algorithms.

The architecture of a GPU typically comprises several key components, including:

  • CUDA Cores: These are the fundamental building blocks of a GPU, responsible for executing instructions in parallel. Modern GPUs feature thousands of CUDA cores, allowing for massive parallelization and high computational throughput.
  • Memory Hierarchy: GPUs consist of multiple levels of memory, including on-chip caches, dedicated video memory (VRAM), and system memory (RAM). This hierarchical structure optimizes data access and transfer, minimizing latency and maximizing bandwidth.
  • Compute Units: GPU cores are organized into compute units, each equipped with its own set of resources, including registers, shared memory, and specialized function units. This modular design facilitates efficient task scheduling and resource allocation.
  • Graphics Pipeline: In addition to parallel computation, GPUs feature dedicated hardware for graphics rendering, comprising vertex shaders, geometry shaders, rasterization units, and pixel shaders. This pipeline enables real-time rendering of immersive visual experiences, essential for gaming, virtual reality (VR), and computer-aided design (CAD) applications.

Applications of GPU Technology:

The versatility and computational prowess of GPUs have catalyzed innovation across a wide range of domains, transcending their origins in graphics rendering. Some notable applications of GPU technology include:

  • Gaming: GPUs remain integral to the gaming industry, delivering realistic graphics, immersive environments, and fluid gameplay experiences. Advanced rendering techniques such as ray tracing and global illumination leverage the parallel processing capabilities of GPUs to simulate complex lighting effects and realistic shadows, enhancing visual fidelity and immersion.
  • Data Science and Machine Learning: GPUs have become indispensable tools for data scientists and machine learning practitioners, accelerating the training and inference of deep neural networks. Frameworks like TensorFlow, PyTorch, and CUDA enable developers to harness the computational power of GPUs to process massive datasets, train complex models, and deploy AI solutions for tasks ranging from image recognition to natural language processing.
  • Scientific Computing: GPUs are widely used in scientific simulations and computational modeling, enabling researchers to simulate complex phenomena, analyze large datasets, and solve computationally intensive problems in fields such as physics, chemistry, and engineering. GPU-accelerated libraries and frameworks like CUDA, OpenCL, and NVIDIA CUDA Toolkit provide a scalable and efficient platform for parallel computing.
  • High-Performance Computing (HPC): In the realm of high-performance computing, GPUs have emerged as key enablers of breakthrough scientific discoveries and engineering advancements. Supercomputers equipped with GPU accelerators deliver unprecedented levels of computational performance, enabling simulations of climate patterns, molecular dynamics, astrophysical phenomena, and more.

Emerging Trends and Future Directions:

Looking ahead, the future of GPU technology holds immense promise, driven by ongoing advancements in hardware, software, and applications. Some notable trends and developments include:

  • Ray Tracing and Real-Time Rendering: The adoption of ray tracing technology in gaming and graphics rendering is poised to revolutionize visual realism, ushering in a new era of lifelike graphics and immersive experiences. With the advent of dedicated hardware support for ray tracing in GPUs, real-time rendering of complex lighting effects and reflections is becoming increasingly feasible.
  • AI and Deep Learning Acceleration: As the demand for AI-driven solutions continues to grow, GPUs will play a crucial role in accelerating deep learning algorithms and neural network inference. Hardware innovations such as tensor cores and sparsity support enable GPUs to handle increasingly complex AI workloads, paving the way for advancements in natural language processing, computer vision, and autonomous systems.
  • Edge Computing and IoT: The proliferation of edge devices and Internet of Things (IoT) sensors is driving the need for localized processing and inference capabilities. GPUs with low-power architectures and efficient neural network accelerators are well-suited for edge computing applications, enabling real-time analytics, image recognition, and predictive maintenance in resource-constrained environments.
  • Quantum Computing Integration: The convergence of GPU technology with emerging paradigms such as quantum computing holds the potential to unlock new frontiers in computational science and engineering. Hybrid architectures combining classical GPUs with quantum processors offer the promise of scalable and versatile computing platforms capable of tackling previously intractable problems in cryptography, optimization, and material science.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) represent a cornerstone of modern computing, driving innovation and enabling transformative advancements across diverse domains. From their origins in graphics rendering to their pivotal role in artificial intelligence, scientific computing, and beyond, GPUs have reshaped the technological landscape and expanded the horizons of what is possible. As we embark on the next chapter of computational evolution, the future of GPU technology holds boundless potential, promising to unlock new realms of discovery, creativity, and innovation.

Gurkhas Finance Limited -GUFL

Overview: Gurkhas Finance Limited (GUFL) is a prominent finance company within the Nepalese Banking Industry, boasting 27 years of successful operation since its establishment. With 26 branches, 1 extension counters, and 6 ATMs nationwide, it has established a significant geographical presence and caters to various clientele segments, with a customer base exceeding 90,000. The company aims to facilitate growth opportunities for its customers, businesses, and economies, thereby assisting individuals in achieving their aspirations.

Mission: The mission of Gurkhas Finance Limited (GUFL)is to become a reliable and outstanding finance company by earning the trust of its customers. This entails prioritizing customer confidence and satisfaction in all aspects of its operations.

Vision: Gurkhas Finance (GUFL) Limited envisions itself as the premier financial institution in Nepal’s financial sector, distinguished by its prompt and seamless service delivery to its valued customers. The company aims to set the benchmark for excellence within the industry.

Objectives:

  1. Modern Financial Products: Continuously innovate and introduce modern and contemporary financial products to serve the evolving needs of customers.
  2. High Return for Depositors: Provide competitive returns to depositors to maximize their satisfaction and trust in the institution.
  3. Competitive Borrowing Rates: Offer competitive lending rates to borrowers, ensuring accessibility to financial resources.
  4. Customer Counseling: Provide appropriate counseling and guidance to customers in need, facilitating informed financial decisions.
  5. Quick Service: Maintain a policy of quick and efficient servicing to enhance customer experience and satisfaction.
  6. Social Responsibility and Transparency: Uphold social obligations, transparency, and trustworthiness in all dealings, establishing the company as a responsible corporate entity.
  7. Contribution to Economic Growth: Actively contribute to national economic growth by fostering financial inclusion and supporting business initiatives.
  8. Maximize Shareholder Wealth: Aim to maximize shareholder wealth through prudent financial management and strategic decision-making.
  9. Regulatory Compliance: Adhere to all regulations and policies set forth by regulatory bodies to ensure legal and ethical business practices.
  10. Employee Development: Provide a conducive and challenging work environment that fosters learning, growth, and career advancement opportunities for employees, thereby ensuring a motivated and dynamic workforce.

By aligning its operations with these objectives, Gurkhas Finance Limited (GUFL) aims to consolidate its position as a leading finance company in Nepal, while simultaneously fostering trust, growth, and prosperity within the communities it serves.

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History of Nepal

Generate iamge on History of Nepal

Introduction:

Nepal, nestled amidst the towering peaks of the Himalayas, boasts a history as rich and diverse as its breathtaking landscapes. From ancient civilizations to modern democratic struggles, Nepal’s journey through time reflects a tapestry of conquests, cultural exchanges, and societal transformations. Traversing through epochs of dynasties, kingdoms, and political upheavals, Nepal has emerged as a nation with a resilient spirit, defined by its vibrant traditions and enduring quest for identity. In this exploration, we delve into the annals of Nepal’s history, unraveling the threads that weave together the story of this captivating Himalayan nation.

  1. Ancient Period: Nepal’s history begins in the ancient period with the arrival of various ethnic groups. The Kirats, Lichhavis, and Thakuris were among the early settlers. The Kirats are considered to be the first rulers of the Kathmandu Valley.

  2. Medieval Period: During this period, Nepal saw the rise of powerful kingdoms. The Licchavi dynasty (4th to 9th century) is notable for its advancements in art, architecture, and trade. The Malla dynasty (12th to 18th century) furthered these developments and divided Nepal into smaller kingdoms, with Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, and Patan being major city-states.

  3. Unification under Prithvi Narayan Shah: Prithvi Narayan Shah, the king of the small principality of Gorkha, embarked on a campaign to unify the smaller kingdoms into one nation. He succeeded in 1768, establishing the Kingdom of Nepal.

  4. Shah Dynasty: The Shah dynasty ruled Nepal from 1768 until 2008. The kingdom saw periods of stability and expansion, but also internal strife and conflicts.

  5. Rana Rule: The Rana dynasty came into power in the mid-19th century after a power struggle within the Shah dynasty. The Ranas held power for more than a century, ruling as hereditary prime ministers while keeping the Shah kings as figureheads.

  6. Democratization and Modernization: In the mid-20th century, Nepal saw movements for democracy and modernization. The Rana rule ended in 1951 after the revolution of 1950-1951, which led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy.

  7. Constitutional Monarchy and Political Turmoil: Nepal experienced political instability in the latter half of the 20th century, with periods of democratic governance interspersed with royal dictatorships. The country was declared a federal democratic republic in 2008 after the abolition of the monarchy.

  8. Maoist Insurgency: Nepal experienced a decade-long Maoist insurgency from 1996 to 2006, during which thousands lost their lives. The conflict ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2006.

  9. Recent Developments: Since the end of the civil war, Nepal has been working on building a stable democratic system. However, political instability, natural disasters (such as the 2015 earthquake), and challenges related to economic development and social inclusion persist.

    Conclusion:

    As we draw the curtains on our journey through the annals of Nepalese history, we are left marveling at the resilience and dynamism of this Himalayan nation. From the ancient civilizations that flourished in the fertile valleys to the modern struggles for democracy and social justice, Nepal’s narrative is one of endurance, adaptation, and cultural richness. As the country continues to navigate the currents of change in the 21st century, it does so with a profound appreciation for its heritage and a steadfast determination to carve out a future that honors its past while embracing the opportunities of tomorrow. In the heart of the Himalayas, Nepal stands as a testament to the enduring spirit of its people and the timeless allure of its storied history.

Nepse Summary March 17 2024

Nepse Summary March 17 2024

Sub Indices

As of 2024-03-17
Sub-Indices Open High Low Close Turnover Point % Change 52 Week High 52 Week Low
Banking SubIndex 1,118.31 1,119.56 1,104.90 1,109.44 182,973,532.34 -6.99 -0.62 1,393.88 1,048.07
Development Bank Index 4,021.04 4,135.23 4,018.47 4,054.69 290,871,011.20 33.15 0.82 4,426.60 3,324.99
Finance Index 1,911.76 1,940.23 1,904.73 1,921.98 244,992,630.60 11.94 0.62 2,040.90 1,494.16
Hotels And Tourism 5,322.06 5,326.65 5,224.62 5,225.02 39,911,718.70 -82.95 -1.56 6,174.84 3,009.49
HydroPower Index 2,551.96 2,551.96 2,509.31 2,519.03 748,706,954.40 -29.61 -1.16 2,789.56 1,890.53
Investment 78.45 78.73 77.46 77.83 122,691,369.90 -0.46 -0.59 86.89 61.34
Life Insurance 10,530.04 10,639.53 10,465.03 10,517.16 235,317,249.30 -20.71 -0.19 12,990.43 9,118.90
Manufacturing And Processing 6,981.12 7,067.05 6,974.19 6,999.76 816,738,657.10 20.70 0.29 7,151.54 4,236.16
Microfinance Index 3,861.05 3,904.48 3,843.83 3,860.90 343,119,153.60 -1.51 -0.03 4,383.07 3,205.17
Mutual Fund 18.28 18.29 18.19 18.21 1,913,708.19 -0.07 -0.40 19.25 12.91
Non Life Insurance 10,819.14 10,895.77 10,778.22 10,799.91 168,132,464.70 -24.50 -0.22 11,867.67 8,246.72
Others Index 1,747.40 1,758.43 1,728.99 1,728.99 153,014,398.10 -18.67 -1.06 1,869.39 1,301.06
Trading Index 2,852.98 2,869.70 2,831.19 2,840.50 9,756,699.40 -12.47 -0.43 3,171.57 1,978.71

TopTurnover

Symbol Turnover LTP % Change Prev. Close
SHIVM 416416540.1 576.00 +3.95 554.10
SONA 230789343.1 529.20 +2.96 514.00
UPPER 137876325.8 182.80 -2.71 187.90
GCIL 112621405.4 571.00 +2.51 557.00
GUFL 105735117.4 785.00 +4.67 750.00
HRL 101809586.8 620.50 -1.59 630.50
SGIC 55641905.2 545.00 +1.68 536.00
SNLI 50310830.2 625.00 +1.61 615.10
KRBL 47614319 418.00 +3.49 403.90

 

Top Volume

Symbol Shares Traded LTP % Change Prev. Close
UPPER 747848 182.80 -2.71 187.90
SHIVM 729195 576.00 +3.95 554.10
SONA 437067 529.20 +2.96 514.00
GHL 208275 162.00 -3.97 168.70
GCIL 197456 571.00 +2.51 557.00
SAPDBL 167385 287.10 +10.00 261.00
HRL 162891 620.50 -1.59 630.50
GUFL 136126 785.00 +4.67 750.00
KRBL 115491 418.00 +3.49 403.90

Top Gainer

Symbol LTP Point Change % Change
SAPDBL 287.10 +26.10 +10.00
GLBSL 1,341.00 +117.00 +9.56
MLBS 951.00 +76.50 +8.75
SMFBS 1,038.00 +71.80 +7.43
GRDBL 392.00 +24.90 +6.78
SINDU 363.00 +18.00 +5.22
GUFL 785.00 +35.00 +4.67
KMCDB 781.90 +33.90 +4.53

Top Loser

Symbol LTP Point Change % Change
WNLB 1,066.00 -90.50 -7.83
KLBSL 870.00 -47.70 -5.20
UNHPL 245.10 -11.90 -4.63
DOLTI 385.50 -17.50 -4.34
GHL 162.00 -6.70 -3.97
SMB 1,100.00 -45.00 -3.93
MAKAR 376.30 -13.70 -3.51
GMFBS 910.00 -30.00 -3.19